Levels of Submission

mutahhari (1)

By Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari

The most basic condition of soundness of heart is to be submissive to the truth.  Submission has three levels: submission of the body, submission of the intellect, and submission of the heart.

When two opponents face each other in combat and one of them feels likely to lose, he may surrender or submit to the other.  In such a surrender, normally the losing opponent puts his hands up as a sign of defeat and desists from fighting, coming under the sway of his opponent.  That is, he acts in accordance with whatever command his opponent gives.

In this type of submission, the body submits, but the mind and reason do not; instead, they are constantly thinking of rebellion, incessantly contemplating how to get a chance to overcome the opponent once again.  This is the state of his reason and thought, and as for his feelings and emotions, they too continuously denounce the enemy.  This type of submission – that of the body – is the most that can be achieved by force.

The next level of submission is the submission of the intellect and reason.  The power that can make the intellect submit is that of logic and reasoning.  Here, physical force can’t accomplish anything.  It is absolutely impossible through physical force to make a student understand that the sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles.  Mathematical propositions must be proven through reasoning and not through any other way.  The intellect is forced to submit through thinking and reasoning.  If sufficient proof exists and is presented to the intellect and the intellect understands it, it submits, even if all the powers of the world say not to submit.

It is well-known that when Galileo was tortured for his belief in the movement of the earth and centrality of the sun in the solar system, out of fear that they would burn him alive, he expressed repentance of his scientific view; in that condition, he wrote something on the ground.  It is said that he wrote, “Galileo’s repentance will not make the Earth stand still.”

Force can compel a person to recant his or her words, but the human intellect does not submit except when faced with logic and reasoning.

 قُلْ هٌــاتُوا بُرْهٌــنَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْــتُمْ صٌدِقِينَ

“Say, ‘Produce your evidence, should you be truthful.’”

The third level of submission is the submission of the heart.  The reality of faith is submission of the heart; submission of the tongue or submission of the thought and intellect, if not coupled with submission of the heart, is not faith.  Submission of the heart is equal to submission of the entire existence of a person and the negation of every type of obstinacy and rejection.

It is possible that someone may submit to an idea as far as the intellect and mind are concerned, but not the spirit.  When a person shows obstinacy out of prejudice or refuses to yield to the truth because of personal interests, his or her mind and intellect have submitted, but the spirit is rebellious and lacks submission, and for this very reason lacks faith, since the reality of faith is the submission of the heart and soul.

God says in the Qur’ān:

 يٌا أَيُّهٌا الَّذِينَ ءٌامَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كٌــآفَةً وَ لاٌ تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوٌاتِ الشَّيْطٌانِ

“O you who have faith! Enter into submission, all together, and do not follow in Satan’s steps.

That is, your soul should not be at war with your intellect; your feelings should not be at war with your perceptions.

The story of Shaīťān (Satan) that has come in the Qur’ān is an example of unbelief of the heart, even though the intellect has submitted.  Shaīťān recognized God, believed in the Day of Judgement, completely recognized the Prophets and their legatees and admitted their position; at the same time, God calls him an unbeliever and says of him:


 وَ كٌــانَ مِنَ الْكٌفِرِينَ

“And he was of the unbelievers.


The evidence that, in the view of the Qur’ān, Shaīťān recognized God is that the Qur’ān explicitly says that he confessed that He is the Creator.  Addressing God, he said:


 خَلَقْتَنِــي مِنْ نٌارٍ وَ خَلَقْتَهُ مِنْ طِينٍ


“You created me from fire, and You created him from clay.

And the evidence that he believed in the Day of Judgement is that he said:


 أُنْظُرْنِــي إِلـى يَوْمِ يُبْعَثُونَ

“Grant me reprieve until the day they are resurrected.


And the evidence that he recognized the Prophets and infallibles is that he said:

قٌالَ فَبِعِزَّتِكَ لَأَغْوِينَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ إِلاَّ عِبٌادَكَ مِنْهُمُ الْمُخْلَصِينَ

“By Your might, I shall lead them all astray, except Your purified servants among them.

The meaning of the purified servants, who are pure not just in their actions, but whose entire existence is purified and free of all except God, are the friends of God and the infallibles; Shaīťān recognized them, too, and believed in their infallibility.

The Qur’ān, while describing Shaīťān as knowing all these things, calls him an unbeliever.  Thus, we come to know that mere recognition and knowledge, or the submission of the intellect and mind, is not sufficient for a person to be considered a believer.  Something else is necessary as well.

In the Qur’ān’s logic, why has Shaīťān been regarded as an unbeliever in spite of all his knowledge?

Obviously, it is because while his perception accepted reality, his feelings rose to battle it; his heart rose against his intellect; he showed arrogance and refused to accept the truth: he lacked submission of the heart.

Source: Islam and Religious Pluralism


Check Also

Discovering the Unseen: An Interview on Istikhārah with Shaykh Muḥammad ʿAlī Girāmī

The following is an interview with Shaykh Muḥammad ʿAlī Girāmī Qummī, a well-regarded mujtahid and …


  1. Hello, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Opera, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, awesome blog!

  2. What’s up, yes this article is truly nice and I have
    learned lot of things from it on the topic of blogging.

  3. This gift card to Dark Angel Towing & Vehicle Repair Services is powered
    by Reward and also works just like a debit card.

  4. Check your local computer dealers and ask about businesses that have just bought computer systems–you KNOW they’ll
    need help, and the dealer usually isn’t interested in helping customers work the things once they’ve made the sale.
    Every startup business needs to write a business plan. Atmel 8051 Architecture: AT89S51, AT89S52, AT89S53, AT89S8252, AT89S8253.

  5. Yet during the rainy season, especially July and August, the river can rage.
    He is credited with having helped Vietnamese people to drive away ghosts, evil spirits, and foreign invaders.

    – The first international festival for young bands in Vietnam at the My Dinh National Convention Hall.

  6. Hongkong: Here you can find the perfect blend of eastern and
    western styles of food: Indian, Chinese, Western and Hawker food is abundantly available in Hongkong.

    Tourist visa may be extended one time for 30 days after your arrival in Vietnam.
    All create a picturesque scene for drinking tea ceremonies.

  7. So, you can also get to experience the serenity and calmness of the place.
    Tourists often find themselves confused where to go and from where start.
    Allianz Arena is a football stadium located in the north of Munich, Germany.

  8. Trong thời lich nam, du lich lãnh đạo một tiểu trắc,
    đảm bảo uy đánh everon dấu hỏi. Bạn biết không, sát cánh
    chiến đấu hương vấn vương ta của vợtôi kháp lấy gia chan ga goi dem everon. Bên cạnh khi xuất phát đánh hết chăn ga
    gối hanvico.

  9. In addition, you still need to incorporate it right into a much
    more steady base oil (that makes it last even longer).

  10. Welle Himmelbett Cielo wei? 90×200 o. 90×120 cm massiv Kiefer

  11. When you are planning a halt at places like beach or a park it will be better that
    you pack up all the required things and put it in the limo trunk.
    The Americas were forever altered and the once vibrant and rich cultures of the Native American civilizations were not
    only changed, but lost, denying the world any complete understanding of their existence.
    It was a variety haunt for many magicians in the years to come till the
    shop closed in the new millennium.

  12. Planning a trip is not an easy task and hence, in order to
    offload the burden from your shoulders, travel agents take charge of all the necessary arrangements needed for a fantastic trip.
    This is just a small part of what Bangkok is all about.

    After enjoying the pleasures offered by Bangkok you should be ready to move
    on to enjoy the rest of your holiday, whether you
    are headed to the beaches to the south of Thailand, north-west to Chiang Mai
    or north-east to the Isaan lands of north-east Thailand.

  13. Atlanta (ATL) Oakland (OAK) 258
    158. Train is the most convenient mode of travel to Agra.
    The success of the fledgling projects laid the
    cornerstone and foundation for the formation of the ISRO in 1969.

  14. The Minnesota Security Council advises moms and dads that life vest are inadequate for babies below 6 months
    old or weighing less compared to 16 extra pounds.
    Coastline Guard Accessory or Always be sure to inspect the label on your kid’s life vest to see which tasks it’s approved for.

  15. Neat blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog stand out. Please let me know where you got your theme. Bless you

  16. Hi, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any support is very much appreciated.

  17. Thanks for sharing your thoughts. I really appreciate your efforts and I am waiting for your next post thanks once again.

  18. Greetings! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I really enjoy reading through your blog posts.

  19. I am in fact grateful to the holder of this website who has shared this great post at at this

  20. Hello colleagues, fastidious paragraph and pleasant arguments commented at this place,
    I am truly enjoying by these.

  21. My brother suggested I might like this web site. He was
    totally right. This post truly made my day. You can not imagine simply how much time I had spent for this
    info! Thanks!

  22. Hi there! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for
    my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

  23. What’s up to all, how is the whole thing, I think every one is getting more from this web page, and your views are nice designed for new users.

  24. This blog was… how do you say it? Relevant!!
    Finally I have found something that helped me. Many thanks!

  25. Hiya very nice web site!! Guy .. Excellent .. Wonderful ..

    I will bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally?
    I’m happy to seek out so many helpful information right here within the publish,
    we want develop extra strategies in this regard, thank you for
    sharing. . . . . .

  26. It’s awesome to pay a quick visit this website and reading the views
    of all friends on the topic of this post, while I am also eager of getting familiarity.

  27. Excellent way of explaining, and pleasant post to obtain information regarding my presentation subject matter,
    which i am going to deliver in academy.

  28. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself or did you
    hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I’m looking to
    construct my own blog and would like to know where u got
    this from. many thanks

  29. Thank you for another excellent article. Where else may just anyone
    get that kind of information in such an ideal
    way of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I am
    on the search for such info.

  30. I am in fact glad to glance at this webpage posts which contains lots
    of helpful data, thanks for providing these data.
    adreamoftrains web host

  31. Hiya very cool site!! Guy .. Excellent .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally?
    I am happy to seek out a lot of useful information right here within the submit, we’d like develop extra techniques in this regard, thank you for sharing.

    . . . . .

  32. Aw, this was an exceptionally nice post. Finding the time and
    actual effort to make a good article… but what can I say… I hesitate a whole lot
    and don’t seem to get anything done.

  33. I’m gone to convey my little brother, that he should also visit this
    weblog on regular basis to get updated from latest gossip.

  34. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and was
    curious what all is needed to get setup? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% certain. Any suggestions or advice
    would be greatly appreciated. Kudos

  35. where to buy viagra online buying viagra online generic viagra

  36. no prescription viagra viagra viagra discount

  37. price of cialis order cialis generic nose congested when taking cialis

  38. buy viagra online usa cheap viagra generic price of viagra

  39. ed treatment natural best pills for ed best medication for ed

  40. discount viagra buy viagra from canada when will viagra be generic

  41. online doctor prescription for viagra buy ed pills online is viagra over the counter

  42. generic viagra online for sale buy ed pills online cheap viagra online canadian pharmacy

  43. viagra prescription online generic viagra online 100mg viagra

  44. viagra otc buy viagra online non prescription viagra

  45. treating ed ED Pills Without Doctor Prescription viagra without a doctor prescription

  46. natural ed cures cheap ed pills ed treatments that really work

  47. medication online cheap ed pills pet antibiotics without vet prescription

  48. prescription drugs canada buy online ED Pills cheap pills online

  49. I simply want to say I’m all new to blogs and absolutely enjoyed you’re blog. Probably I’m likely to bookmark your blog post . You definitely have awesome writings. Appreciate it for sharing your blog site.

  50. cialis at a discount price generic cialis cialis tolerance

  51. does medicaid cover cialis cialis real cialis without a doctor prescription

  52. pills for erection ed meds online without doctor prescription ed medicine
    ed drugs compared

  53. ed treatments buy generic ed pills online ed therapy
    medicine for ed

  54. vitamins for ed ed meds online without doctor prescription ed vacuum pump
    ed natural treatment

  55. natural ed remedies best canadian online pharmacy best drug for ed
    erectile dysfunction medication

  56. Very good blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

  57. Say, you got a nice article. Awesome.

  58. I appreciate you sharing this blog.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing.

  59. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! Extremely useful information specially the last part 🙂 I care for such information a lot. I was looking for this certain info for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

  60. I’m now not positive where you are getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend a while learning more or understanding more. Thank you for great information I was looking for this info for my mission.

  61. Wow, great article.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

  62. Undeniably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get irked while people consider worries that they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  63. Muchos Gracias for your blog.

  64. Very informative post.Really thank you!

  65. wow, awesome post. Cool.

  66. A big thank you for your blog article.Thanks Again. Keep writing.

  67. Wow! This could be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We’ve ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Magnificent. I’m also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  68. I do agree with all of the ideas you have presented in your post. They’re really convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are too short for novices. Could you please extend them a bit from next time? Thanks for the post.

  69. Wow! This could be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Wonderful. I am also an expert in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  70. https://valtrexgeneric500.com/ buy generic valtrex without prescription

  71. generic tadalafil buy tadalafil online

  72. Thank you so much for providing individuals with an exceptionally breathtaking opportunity to read articles and blog posts from this website. It is often very superb plus stuffed with amusement for me and my office peers to visit your site nearly 3 times every week to find out the latest guidance you will have. Not to mention, we are always fascinated with all the extraordinary inspiring ideas you give. Some two areas in this article are definitely the most efficient we have all ever had.

  73. I simply want to mention I am beginner to blogging and site-building and truly savored this page. Probably I’m going to bookmark your website . You really come with awesome articles and reviews. Bless you for sharing your website page.

  74. Major thankies for the blog post.Really thank you! Awesome.

  75. I was very pleased to seek out this web-site.I wanted to thanks to your time for this glorious learn!! I positively enjoying every little little bit of it and I’ve you bookmarked to check out new stuff you blog post.

  76. Good write-up, I am regular visitor of one’s blog, maintain up the excellent operate, and It’s going to be a regular visitor for a lengthy time.

  77. compare pharmacy buy generic drugs online

  78. erectile tissue problems
    erectile medication over counter
    is erectile dysfunction a chronic condition

  79. Pretty section of content. I simply stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your weblog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I fulfillment you access constantly quickly.

  80. buy generic drugs from canada medications best place to buy generic drugs

  81. Hi, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your blog in Firefox, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, very good blog!

  82. Hi just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the images aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different browsers and both show the same results.

  83. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! By the way, how could we communicate?

  84. It’s a envious article. It’s very amazing and new. Who can be you to write this particular special article?

  85. Best view i have ever seen !

  86. Maintain back once again direct.

  87. This is a topic that is close to my heart… Thank you! Exactly where can I find the contact details for questions?

  88. Best view i have ever seen !

  89. discount erectile dysfunction drugs
    erectile on demand reviews
    erectile triggers

  90. Really enjoyed this blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.

  91. Thank you for your blog post. Awesome.

  92. I blog quite often and I seriously appreciate your information. Your article has really peaked my interest. I’m going to take a note of your blog and keep checking for new information about once per week. I subscribed to your Feed too.

  93. I think other web site proprietors should take this web site as an model, very clean and fantastic user genial style and design, let alone the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  94. Hi my friend! I wish to say that this post is amazing, nice written and include approximately all vital infos. I would like to see more posts like this.

  95. One thing I would really like to discuss is that weight loss program fast may be possible by the suitable diet and exercise. Someone’s size not just affects appearance, but also the overall quality of life. Self-esteem, depression, health risks, as well as physical ability are affected in excess weight. It is possible to do everything right whilst still having a gain. If this happens, a problem may be the primary cause. While excessive food and not enough physical exercise are usually guilty, common medical ailments and widespread prescriptions may greatly enhance size. Thanks alot : ) for your post right here.

  96. I just want to say I’m newbie to weblog and honestly loved you’re page. More than likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You surely have remarkable well written articles. Thanks for revealing your web page.

  97. Have you ever thought about adding a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything. But just imagine if you added some great pictures or video clips to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with images and clips, this site could definitely be one of the very best in its field. Terrific blog!

  98. Im thankful for the blog article.Really thank you! Will read on…

  99. A round of applause for your article.Thanks Again. Want more.

  100. You really should get involved in a tournament for example of the best blogs online. I’m going to suggest this blog!

  101. I think this is a real great blog article.Thanks Again. Want more.

  102. Best view i have ever seen !

  103. Best view i have ever seen !

  104. I had been honored to receive a call coming from a friend as he observed the important points shared in your site. Looking at your blog publication is a real great experience. Thank you for thinking of readers like me, and I desire for you the best of achievements for a professional surface area. resorts in cuba

  105. I like this post, enjoyed this one thank you for posting. “The goal of revival is conformity to the image of Christ, not imitation of animals.” by Richard F. Lovelace.

  106. I was just looking for this information for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your site. I wonder what is the lack of Google strategy that don’t rank this type of informative web sites in top of the list. Usually the top websites are full of garbage.

  107. Major thanks for the blog article.Much thanks again. Really Great.

  108. Some really marvellous work on behalf of the owner of this internet site , perfectly great content .

  109. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Many thanks, However I am encountering problems with your RSS. I don’t understand why I am unable to join it. Is there anybody getting identical RSS problems? Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

  110. If you are looking for the greatest extreminator company, look no more. These guys dominate!

  111. I do agree with all of the ideas you’ve presented in your post. They are very convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are very short for beginners. Could you please extend them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

  112. oak wood seems to be the best thing to use on garden furnitures but hardwood is always the best;;

  113. Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic post.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

  114. Aw, i thought this was quite a good post. In thought I must set up writing in this way additionally – spending time and actual effort to have a great article… but exactly what do I say… I procrastinate alot by no indicates appear to get something accomplished.

  115. Terriffic blog post! I’ll be back to see your next piece! Thanks!

  116. Really appreciate you sharing this blog article.Thanks Again. Really Cool.

  117. Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; many of us have created some nice practices and we are looking to swap techniques with other folks, why not shoot me an email if interested.

  118. This is one awesome blog.Thanks Again.

  119. Everything is very open with a very clear clarification of the issues. It was definitely informative. Your website is very useful. Thank you for sharing.

  120. Having read this I thought it was rather enlightening. I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put Situs Judi Parlay this information together. I once again find myself spending a lot of time both reading and leaving comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *